Standards on fire protection for high-rise buildings

07/01/2023

In today's densely populated and narrow big cities, very few people have economic conditions to buy land and build houses, so most people's choice is to live in tall apartment buildings. floor. High-rise office buildings are also springing up more and more reflecting the growth of the city itself. However, along with that development, many safety issues as well as building management are also raised and one of them is fire safety standards for buildings. Let's learn the most basic standards of high-rise building fire protection.

The first is the automatic fire alarm system. In buildings of 5 floors or more, automatic fire protection systems must be equipped. This system must ensure quick fire detection, clear signal transmission and high reliability. The automatic fire alarm system must be linked to the fire extinguishing system. In addition to the fire alarm function, it must also control the fire extinguishing system to operate immediately to promptly extinguish the fire.

Standards on fire protection for high-rise buildings

- Second is the fire extinguisher. All areas of the building that are at risk of fire, including those equipped with fire protection systems, need to be equipped with fire protection systems and specialized fire extinguishers such as portable or wheeled extinguishers. The tank must be designed and arranged in positions that are easiest to access, observe and concentrate on. Depending on the level of danger, there are different equipment standards.

- Emergency exit doors must always be closed. The doors of emergency exits from hallways, basements, common spaces, hallways... do not have locks so they can be opened freely from the inside without a key. For buildings higher than 15m, these doors must be solid doors or with tempered glass. For staircases, the doors must have a self-closing mechanism and the door slots must be sealed. Doors in staircases open directly. Outside there is no self-closing mechanism and there is no need to insert the door.

- Have at least 2 or more escape routes to ensure people can escape safely when there is a fire, and at the same time create favorable conditions for functional forces to quickly and easily access the fire to put out the fire and save lives. Rescue. In high-rise buildings with an area of more than 300m2 per floor, the common corridor must have at least 2 or more emergency exits to ensure the safest in accordance with the provisions of law.

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